What is spear fishing: fundamental concepts for a spearfishing newbie


Spearfishing started out as an ancient method of fishing but it evolved into so much more. Early civilizations use this technique to fish with sharpened sticks. It’s amazing to think that so many years has passed and this activity still remains.


From sharpened sticks to spearguns and slings, spearfishing has definitely evolve into something much more complex. You might be overwhelmed when you find out that it’s not as simple as it looks and that it actually takes a lot of practice to master it but don’t worry, I’m here to teach you the ropes. After this article. you will know the first steps on how to get into spearfishing!


What is spear fishing?


Scuba Choice Scuba Choice 5-ft Spearfishing Pole Spear with 1 Prong Single Barb Tip


First off, we should start simple and discuss about modern spearfishing. In the current era, you need spearguns and slings to hunt for fishes. With a lot of patience and discipline, you are able to catch what you thought was uncatchable, it can be extremely satisfying!

The fact that this practice has lived through centuries is just proof that it’s the real thing and if you want to get into spearfishing, it won’t be a mistake.

Spearfishing might have a learning curve but with a little bit of constancy and a whole lot of effort, you will be well on the way to become an outstanding spearfisher. The first thing you should take to heart are the spearfishing principles. Let’s see a couple of them!


Spearfishing principles


One of the most important principles of spearfishing is freediving. You might not have heard of it if you are just starting out but it’s the correct way to hold your breath when underwater. Evidently, this must be mastered for efficient spearfishing.


Freediving will let you be underwater safely and for a longer period of time which will aid you on taking an steadier and more precise shot.


Freediving is not the only thing you have to learn about to become a spearfisher, equalizing is another diving technique that must be within your arsenal in order to succeed. Luckily, equalizing doesn’t take as long as freediving to master.


Equalizing is a technique to keep you safe from harm. The enormous pressure when underwater can cause severe damage to you, learning how to equalize pressure in your ears will be one of the most valuable things you will learn as a spearfisher!


Equalizing techniques


There are several equalizing techniques, they’ll get you the same result so pick the one that you feel the most comfortable with. And always remember to pinch your nostrils closes while doing equalizing techniques!

Toynbee maneuver


The Toynbee Maneuver is the most popular maneuver for equalizing due to its simplicity. Swallow while pressing your tongue to the roof of your mouth. It doesn’t get simpler than that!

Frenzel maneuver


This one is just like the Toynbee Maneuver but including sound into the mix. Pinch your nostrils closed and then do a deep prolonged grunting sound.


Edmonds technique


Tense the soft palate and throat muscles while pushing your jaw forward and down. Finally, pinch your nostrils and blow out gently.


Lowry technique


To perform this technique, you only have to blow and swallow at the same time you are pinching your nostrils.


The good old yawning equalizer.


Tense your jaw while moving it forward and down. I learned how to equalize while dealing with the extra pressure when flying on a plane. I always do this technique to protect my ears!


Equalizing tips for a better spearfishing day!

You have just learned what’s spearfishing and equalizing but that’s not all you need! Equalizing is more than just a technique and there are certain tips that will help you a lot to have a safe underwater trip!

Descend feet first


It’s no coincidence that divers always descend feet first. Studies has shown that equalizing is 50% harder when you’re in head-down position.

Don’t blow to hard!


When doing equalizing techniques that require blowing, don’t overdo it. Just wait for that popping sound and don’t go any further, it can damage your ears instead of protecting them.

Don’t just equalize underwater


Pre-pressurizing is a great habit to have when spearfishing, just do this if you feel comfortable though. There are mixed opinions on equalizing at the surface but if it helps you have a less painful experience while going underwater, go for gold.

Look up


Looking up makes you extend your neck and extending your neck opens your eustachian tubes (which is the point of equalizing)

Stop if it hurts


Kind of obvious right? But always important to mention. The point of equalizing is preventing any kind of pain in your ears, if you are feeling it then you must stop and ascend a bit and equalize again until you are feeling comfortable.

Avoid food that increases your mucus production


Milk, eggs, sugary treats and other foods that increase mucus production are a huge no no when going spearfishing. That excess mucus can block your eustachian tubes making it harder to equalize.

Before we say goodbye


As you can see, spearfishing is an awesome activity that involves a lot of interesting concepts. There is a lot of ground to cover, gear, boats and so much more to become an amazing spearfisher but this first step to learn the basics is a huge one to help you move forward! Will be back for more content but now that you know the fundamentals and how to get into spearfishing, start practicing!


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